憂無法出口而禁殺海豹

 

anddear_news_A-64為驅趕海豹捕食魚棚的鮭魚,蘇格蘭漁民會射殺或使用水底發聲裝置,今年頭三個月已有31隻海豹被合法射殺,是去年的兩倍,而這些發聲裝置更會對其他鯨豚造成影響。蘇格蘭有26%的鮭魚會出口到美國,因憂慮美國會因違反保護野生海洋哺乳動物條例而拒絕入口,蘇格蘭決定收緊野生動物保護條例,禁止射殺海豹及管制使用水底發聲裝置。

To stop and scare seals away from breaking into salmon pens, Scottish fishermen will shoot them or use underwater acoustic deterrent devices. In the first three months of 2020, 31 seals were shot legally, which was double of last year. Moreover, the devices fishermen use would case hearing damage and stress to cetaceans. 26% of the salmons were exported to America; with the fear that US will ban their salmons because of breaking the US regulations for protecting the welfare of wild marine mammals, Scotland will ban shooting seals and  tighten the law of using acoustic devices.

Major Victory As Scotland Passes New Legislation Banning The Shooting Of Seals By The Fisheries Industry

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/jun/17/scottish-salmon-farmers-to-be-banned-from-shooting-seals


穿山甲從藥典除名

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最近中國官方發表2020年版的「中國藥典」中,把極度瀕危的穿山甲移除,國家林業和草原局亦把穿山甲從國家二級保護野生動物提升為一級。穿山甲被除名的原因,或與牠屬野生資源枯竭的物種有關。

critically endangered pangolin has been removed from the official traditional medicine list of 2020. The Chinese forestry ministry also changed the protection status of pangolins from Class 2 to Class 1. The reason pangolin is removed from the list could be due to wild resources exhaustion.

https://news.ltn.com.tw/news/world/breakingnews/3192876


百歲象龜功成身退歸家

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約五十年前加拉巴哥象龜面臨絕種,雄龜Diego被帶到聖克魯茲島參與繁殖計劃,估計與不同雌龜繁殖了約800隻後代。現年100歲的Diego,如今終於退休,與另外25象龜一起回到家鄉艾斯潘諾拉島。這些象龜在出發前被隔離一段時間,避免牠們把外來植物種子帶到島上。

the giant Galápagos tortoises were facing extinction 50 years ago. A male tortoise, Diego, was brought to join a breeding program on Santa Cruz island, where he bred with female tortoises and reproduced around 800 tortoises of his. Diego is now 100 years old, and he is finally retired and back to his originally home, Española island, with 25 other tortoises. These tortoises had to undergo a quarantine period before going back, preventing them to carry any non-native plants seeds to the island.

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-53062480


肺炎期間非法捕魚大增

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為保護海洋生物重要的繁殖地,菲律賓沿岸一帶禁止商業捕魚。保育團體透過衛星資料發現,近月因武漢肺炎,海上巡邏的數量減少,導致非法捕魚數量大幅增加。

To protect the important habitat and breeding areas for the marine life, commercial fishing is prohibited along the coastal area of the Philippines. with satellite data, a nonprofit group discovered there is a substantial increase in the number of illegal fishing because the marine patrols were reduced during the Coronavirus lockdown.

Lockdown allowed illegal fishing to spike in Philippines, satellite data suggest


數千鮭魚被困運河

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數千條幼年鮭魚順河水游到大海途中被困在蘇格蘭的運河。因武漢肺炎運河暫停使用並關上了閘,水變得清晰並發現大量鮭魚被困。這些鮭魚必須在短期內到達大海,所以救援團隊立即嘗試把牠們救出,亦通知運河公司每日打開閘兩次,助鮭魚繼續前往大海。

Thousands of young salmons are trapped in the Caledonian Canal in Scotland when migrating to the sea. Because of the Coronavirus lockdown, boat traffic is closed and gates are not operating, leaving the water clear and the salmon visible. but these salmons have to reach the ocean in a very short time, so rescue team is trying to relocate these salmons as well as asking the canal operating company to open the lock gates twice a day to let the fish move downstream to the sea.

https://www.northern-times.co.uk/news/race-to-rescue-thousands-of-young-salmon-trapped-in-caledonian-canal-201601/


無視公約口野生動物

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20152019期間,至少有5035活體野生動物從南非出口到中國,包括長頸鹿、黑猩猩、黑腳企鵝等瀕危及受保護物種。調查發現出入口審批程序非常鬆懈,許可證隨意填寫,完全無視並違反瀕危物種貿易公約的規定。

At least 5035 species of live wild animal were exported from South Africa to China during 2015-2019, including endangered and protected species like giraffes, chimpanzees and African penguins. The investigation found the wildlife trade with China is riddled with irregularities; there were loopholes in permissions and oversight system, ignoring and violating the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species.

https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/africa/china-wildlife-trade-coronavirus-south-africa-illegal-rhino-lion-bat-ems-a9513226.html#gsc.tab=0

https://e-info.org.tw/node/224898


偷獵野味護林員喪命

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在斯里蘭卡,原本對野味的需求主要來自遊客,但武漢肺炎封鎖下,食野味的需求卻變成以當地人為主,所以國家公園內的非法獵殺野生動物並沒有減少。而近日更有一名25歲的護林員在巡邏時被偷獵者殺害。事件促使當局採取行動,政府亦為反偷獵行動提供軍方支援。

In Sri Lanka, demands for bushmeat usually come from tourists, but because of the COVID-19 lockdown, it has shifted to local communities, and the poachers have not stopped hunting illegally in the national park during this period. A 25-year old ranger was killed by poachers when patrolling recently, and his death has urged the authorities to take action, and the government has offered military support for the anti-poaching operations.

In Sri Lanka, bushmeat poachers haven’t let up during lockdown


水鳥遷徙遭獵殺

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每年有61種水鳥會經東亞─澳大利亞飛行航道遷徙,途經22個國家。研究員成功收集當中14個國家的打獵數據,發現至少有46種水鳥在遷徙途中被獵殺,並包括多種瀕危物種如勺嘴鷸及大濱鷸等。這些遷徙水鳥會於海岸地區或濕地停留補給,除獵殺外,各地沿岸發展及污染已嚴重破壞牠們的生境。

Every year, 61 species of shorebirds migrate across the East Asian-Australasian Flyway, pass by 22 countries. Researchers were able to study 14 of them, and found out at least 46 species of shorebirds were being hunted during migration, including some endangered species like spoon-billed sandpiper and great knot. These shorebirds will stop to rest at coastal and wetland areas. Besides hunting, they are also threatened by habitat loss due to coastal developments and pollution.

 

https://www.birdguides.com/articles/hunting-poses-serious-risk-to-east-asian-shorebirds/#


救貓影片被揭幕後虐待

 

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南韓一名獸醫學生透過網上頻道分享影片,謊稱收養及幫助流浪貓,並吸引多達50萬人網民關注捐款支持救援流浪貓的工作。後來他被揭發為拍攝影片,使用虐待動物手法,包括讓貓捱餓、購入寵物倉鼠作拍攝而導致死亡等。

A veterinary student in South Korea shares videos on online channel about adopting and helping stray cats, and attracted over 50 thousands people to follow and even donate to help his work. however, he was revealed to abuse these animals for filming purpose, including starving the cats and purchasing pet hamsters and cause their death.

https://topick.hket.com/article/2639695/【救救動物】韓國獸醫學生YouTuber疑為點擊虐貓%E3%80%80謊稱收養流浪貓刻意讓貓捱餓搏同情


需求下降冰島暫停捕鯨

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冰島最後兩間捕鯨公司宣布今年停止捕撈,其中一間更會永久結束。這兩間公司專門捕小鬚鯨及瀕危的長鬚鯨,並主要出口到日本,但武漢肺炎的關係令他們難以運作,鯨魚肉需求下降亦令他們難與日本的漁民競爭。現時全球只有冰島、日本及挪威三個國家仍有捕鯨活動。

The last two whaling companies in Iceland announced to stop whaling this year, and one of them ends their operation permanently. These companies mainly target minke whales and endangered fin whales, and export to Japan. the recent coronavirus made it harder for them to hunt and process whale meat; the demands of whale meat dropped greatly also make it more difficult to made deals with Japan. Iceland, Norway and Japan are the only three counties that still have whaling activities.

https://www.forbes.com/sites/ariellasimke/2020/05/10/iceland-to-stop-killing-whales-in-2020-choosing-to-watch-them-instead/#ef422c33d0d8